“SILAT” is a term used to describe the martial arts forms practiced throughout the Malay Archipelago. It is traditionally practiced in Malaysia especially, Southern Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia. Silat is a combative form of the Malay fighting arts. Silat can be divided into two main categories which are “Silat Seni” (Artistry event) and “Tanding” (Match event).
The uniqueness of Tanding is in the rules. In the rule, there are basic commands, timing for each match, target area for hitting the opponent, and the scoring points for each of the area that is being attacked. For the basic commands, the “Wasit” or referee appointed will issue the command “Sedia”, meaning “Ready”. Then, he will shout “Mula”, meaning “Begin”. Immediately the “gong” will be struck. When the wasit wants to stop the fight, he will shout “Berhenti”, meaning “Stop”.
Every time the fighters step out of the ring, the wasit will also stop the fight and bring the fighters back to the center of the arena. If a fighter repeatedly steps outside the ring, especially if he's stepping backwards, the wasit may issue him a penalty point and if he continues to do that, he may also be given 2 penalty points. If after that he still continues to step out of the ring, the wasit may even decide to end the fight and proclaim his opponent the winner. There are three rounds of fighting of two minutes for every round, with one-minute rest between each round.