Fencing, is a sport in which two competitors fight using 'Rapier-style' swords, winning points by making contact with their opponent. There are three forms of modern fencing, each using a different style of weapon and different rules, and as such the sport is divided into three competitive scenes: Foil, Épée, and Sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialise in only one weapon.
In foil fencing, touches are scored with the tip of the blade. The target is the torso. Fencers wear a metallic vest, or lame, to register touches electronically. Beginners learn the foil method first because it is the most technical form of fencing to execute and requires the most legwork. The foil method also incorporates all the basic elements of fencing.
In ÉPÉE, points are scored with the tip of the blade; the entire body becomes the target, including the mask.
In Sabre fencing, points can be scored with the top or the sides of the blade and the target is the bend of the hips to the top of the head. This is by far the most physical of the types of fencing.